Jul 20, 2010

Linux (pronounced lɪnəks or / lɪnʊks /)

Linux (pronounced lɪnəks or / lɪnʊks /) is the name given to the Unix computer operating system. Linux is one example of the development of free software and open source principal. Like the free software and other open source in general, the Linux source code can be modified, used and redistributed freely by anyone.

The name "Linux" is derived from the name of its maker, introduced in 1991 by Linus Torvalds. Systems, equipment systems and libraries usually come from the GNU operating system, which was published in 1983 by Richard Stallman. The GNU contribution is the basis for the alternative name GNU / Linux.

Linux has long been known for its use in servers, and backed by leading computer companies such as Intel, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Novell, Oracle Corporation, Red Hat, and Sun Microsystems. Linux is used as the operating system in various types of computer hardware, including desktop computers, supercomputers, and Embedded systems such as electronic book readers, video game systems (PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3 and XBox ), cell phone and router. These observers think the success of information technology Linux because Linux does not depend on the vendor (vendor independence), low operational cost, and high compatibility than no free UNIX versions, as well as the safety factor and high stability compared to other operating systems like Microsoft Windows. These characteristics also become evidence of the benefits of the development model of open source software (open source software).

Linux operating system known as Linux distributions (Linux distribution) or a general Linux distribution already includes device-support software such as web servers, programming languages, databases, desktop display (desktop environment) such as GNOME, KDE and Xfce also has an office application package (office suite), such as OpenOffice.org, KOffice, Abiword, and Gnumeric.

translation of: http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux
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